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A sprain is stretching or tearing of ligaments (fibrous bands connecting the bones) due to sudden twisting or pulling of a joint.


  • Overextension of a ligament
  • Tearing of a ligament


  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Loss of movement
  • Bruising
  • Inflammation 


  • Resting
  • Applying ice pack
  • Supporting the joint with bandages
  • Keeping the sprained joint in  an elevated position
  • Anti inflammatory pain relieving medication
  • Pain killing creams or gels
  • Physiotherapy


  • Regular exercise for increasing strength and flexibility of the ligaments
  • Warming up properly before strenuous physical activities
  • Maintaining healthy weight
  • Avoiding uneven surfaces while walking