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Spasmodic Torticollis

 

Spasmodic torticollis or cervical dystonia is a neurological condition causing involuntary movement of the neck due to spasms of the neck muscles.

Causes

Its causes are not clear.

Symptoms

  • Neck turning left, right, upwards or downwards
  • Jerky rotation or tilting of the head
  • Painful neck spasms
  • Abnormal head position
  • Neck or head tremors
  • Absence of symptoms while sleeping

Treatment

There is no cure for this condition but symptoms can be controlled by:

  • Sensory trick by touching the other side of chin or jaw
  • Physical therapy
  • Botulinum toxin injections in the neck muscles
  • Oral medication to relax the muscles
  • Surgery for selective denervation

Prevention

There is no prevention for this condition.