Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that is usually chronic and disabling.
Its causes are still not known. However, possibilities include:
- Genetic factors
- Environmental factors
- Disorganized speech and thought
- Social withdrawal
- Lack of emotional expression
- Loss of interest in personal hygiene
There is no cure for schizophrenia but symptoms can be controlled by:
- Antipsychotic drugs
- Occupational therapy
- Family counseling
- Cognitive behavior therapy
There is no known way to prevent schizophrenia.