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Miscarriage or spontaneous abortion is a pregnancy that ends on its own, usually before 20th week of pregnancy.


  • Chromosomal abnormality in fetus
  • Certain medical conditions like diabetes, hypothyroidism, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, poly-cystic ovarian disease (PCOD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), rubella, herpes, sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s) etc. in the mother
  • Hormonal problems in the mother
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol, caffeine and tobacco
  • Physical trauma


  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Low back or pelvic pain
  • Passage of tissue and clots from the vagina


  • Observation to let body expel the fetal tissue completely on its own
  • Dilation and curettage (D&C) to aid in expulsion and stop bleeding
  • Medication to control bleeding

Miscarriage can not be prevented always but risk can be reduced by:

  • Eating a healthy and balanced diet
  • Avoiding alcohol, tobacco and caffeine
  • Avoiding physical injury or trauma
  • Avoiding and promptly treating any infections
  • Getting prenatal care and advice