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Malaria is a disease transmitted by the bite of an infected anopheles mosquito that can be fatal if left untreated.


Malaria is caused by protozoan of the genus Plasmodium. There are five species of Plasmodium that can infect humans:

  • P. falciparum
  • P. malariae
  • P. ovale
  • P. vivax
  • P. knowlesi


  • Fever
  • Shivering
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle ache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Anemia
  • Jaundice
  • Convulsions
  • Coma or death in severe cases

Treatment should be started early and includes:

  • Antimalarial drugs


  • Mosquito nets
  • Mosquito repellents and sprays
  • Draining standing water
  • Keeping the surroundings clean
  • Prophylactic antimalarial drugs