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Kidney Failure

 

Kidney failure or renal failure is a condition where kidneys are unable to eliminate excess fluid and waste material from the body.

Causes

  • Injuries or surgeries cutting blood supply to kidneys for prolonged period of time
  • Obstruction due to enlarged prostrate or kidney stones
  • Severe infections
  • Fluid and electrolyte depletion
  • Overuse of medication
  • Certain health condition like diabetes, hypertension or polycystic kidney disease
  • Toxic chemicals
  • Congenital defects

Symptoms

  • Reduced urine output
  • Edema or generalized swelling
  • High blood pressure
  • Blood in urine
  • Fatigue
  • Nocturia
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite

Treatment

  • Balanced fluid intake
  • Medication to reduce blood pressure and increase urine output
  • Antibiotics to treat infections
  • Peritoneal or haemodialysis
  • Kidney transplant

Prevention

  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Manage chronic diseases appropriately
  • Avoid self medication
  • Avoid exposure to chemicals