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Keratitis

 

Keratitis is the inflammation of the cornea or the transparent membrane covering the iris and pupil of the eye.

Causes

  • Bacteria
  • Virus
  • Fungi
  • Dry eyes
  • Injury by foreign objects
  • Exposure to extremely bright light
  • Vitamin A deficiency
  • Allergic reaction
  • Excessive use of contact lenses

Symptoms

  • Redness in the eye
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Tearing
  • Loss of vision

Treatment

  • Antibiotics
  • Antiviral medication
  • Antifungal medication
  • Sometimes, laser surgery
  • Corneal transplants in severe cases

Prevention

  • Avoid overusing contact lenses
  • Use sterile lens cleaning and disinfecting solutions for lenses
  • Replace contact lenses timely
  • Wear protective eye wear in risky situations
  • Wear sunglasses to avoid exposure to excessive ultraviolet light