Juvenile diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. It is a life long condition where the body’s immune system destroys the insulin producing cells in the pancreas causing little or no production of insulin. This leads to increased blood sugar levels.
The exact cause is not yet known but it is believed that factors like:
May be responsible for developing type 1 diabetes.
Symptoms may develop suddenly and can include:
- Excessive thirst
- Excessive urination
- Increased hunger
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Dry or itchy skin
Diabetes cannot be cured, but sugar levels in the blood need to be controlled through treatment which may include:
- Use of insulin( usually through injections or pumps)
- Diet with a controlled amount of carbohydrates
- Regular exercise
- Weight control
In some severe cases, pancreas transplant is required though it is recommended in rare cases due to its severe side effects.
There is no prevention for juvenile diabetes.