Interstitial cystitis is a condition affecting the urinary bladder causing inflammation and pain.
Causes are not known but a common factor in most of the patients is:
- Discomfort or pressure in the bladder or pelvic area
- Tenderness or pain in the bladder or pelvic area
- Urinary frequency
- Urinary urgency
- Painful sexual intercourse
Interstitial cystitis can not be cured but symptoms can be managed by:
- Diet modification by avoiding foods that aggravate the symptoms
- oral medication to protect the bladder lining and reduce pain
- Bladder instillation to fill the bladder with liquid medication
- Bladder retraining to reduce frequency of urination
- Electric nerve stimulation to reduce pelvic pain
- Surgery in rare cases where other treatments fail
There is no way to prevent interstitial cystitis.