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Interstitial Cystitis

 

Interstitial cystitis is a condition affecting the urinary bladder causing inflammation and pain.

Causes
Causes are not known but a common factor in most of the patients is:

  • Damaged bladder lining

Symptoms

  • Discomfort or pressure in the bladder or pelvic area
  • Tenderness or pain in the bladder or pelvic area
  • Urinary frequency
  • Urinary urgency
  • Painful sexual intercourse

Treatment
Interstitial cystitis can not be cured but symptoms can be managed by:

  • Diet modification by avoiding foods that aggravate the symptoms
  • oral medication to protect the bladder lining and reduce pain
  • Bladder instillation to fill the bladder with liquid medication
  • Bladder retraining to reduce frequency of urination
  • Electric nerve stimulation to reduce pelvic pain
  • Surgery in rare cases where other treatments fail

Prevention
There is no way to prevent interstitial cystitis.