Health Conditions A-Z » HC_G » Graves’ Disease   Login

 Health Conditions - G

Graves’ Disease


Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder affecting the thyroid gland leading to excessive production of thyroid hormones.

Causes are not clear but some of the risk factors may be:

  • Heredity
  • Stress

Symptoms are similar to those of hyperthyroidism. They include:

  • Enlarged thyroid gland or goiter
  • Increased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Heat intolerance
  • Increased sweating
  • Protruding eyes
  • Eye irritation
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Restlessness
  • Insomnia
  • Breathlessness
  • Palpitation
  • Tremors
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Light menstrual periods
  • Hair loss
  • Brittle nails


  • Medication to reduce the over production of thyroid hormones
  • Radioactive iodine to destroy a part of the overactive gland
  • Surgery to remove a part or whole of the thyroid gland

There is no way to prevent Graves’ disease.