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Graves’ Disease

 

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder affecting the thyroid gland leading to excessive production of thyroid hormones.

Causes
Causes are not clear but some of the risk factors may be:

  • Heredity
  • Stress

Symptoms
Symptoms are similar to those of hyperthyroidism. They include:

  • Enlarged thyroid gland or goiter
  • Increased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Heat intolerance
  • Increased sweating
  • Protruding eyes
  • Eye irritation
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Restlessness
  • Insomnia
  • Breathlessness
  • Palpitation
  • Tremors
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Light menstrual periods
  • Hair loss
  • Brittle nails

Treatment

  • Medication to reduce the over production of thyroid hormones
  • Radioactive iodine to destroy a part of the overactive gland
  • Surgery to remove a part or whole of the thyroid gland

Prevention
There is no way to prevent Graves’ disease.