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Glomerulonephritis

 

Glomerulonephritis is a disease affecting the kidney causing inflammation of glomeruli (small blood vessels in kidney) which help in filtering wastes and fluids from the body.

Causes
Causes vary according to the kind of glomerulonephritis and may include:

  • Infections such as streptococcal, HIV, bacterial endocarditis etc.
  • Immune system abnormalities like IgA nephropathy, lupus, goodpasture’s syndrome etc.
  • Certain medical conditions like diabetic kidney disease, high blood pressure, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, vasculitis etc.
  • Heredity

Symptoms

  • Blood in urine
  • Foamy urine
  • Decreased urine output
  • High blood pressure
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Drowsiness
  • Seizures
  • Edema
  • Rashes

Treatment

  • Medications such as blood pressure medications, diuretics, immunosuppressive agents and corticosteroids
  • Restricted intake of salts, potassium, proteins and fluids
  • Dialysis
  • Kidney transplant

Prevention

  • Prompt treatment of infections that can lead to glomerulonephritis like streptococcal
  • Avoiding diabetes
  • Avoiding high blood pressure
Practicing safe sex to avoid infections like HIV