Fibroids are usually non cancerous tumors that grow from muscle cells of the uterus.
The causes are not known.
Symptoms are not present most of the times but when present, they may include:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Heavy menstrual periods
- Painful menstrual periods
- Frequent urination
- Abdominal discomfort and pressure
- Pelvic pain
- Painful intercourse
If fibroids are asymptomatic then treatment is not required. If symptoms are present, treatment depends on the age of the patient as well as the size and location of the tumor. It may include:
- Medications to shrink the tumor
- High intensity ultrasound waves to destroy the tumor
- Uterine artery embolisation to block the blood supply to the tumor thereby shrinking it
- Hysteroscopic myomectomy to remove small fibroids with help of high energy electric current
- Laparoscopic myomectomy to remove small fibroids surgically with help of a laparoscope
- Laparotomic myomectomy to remove multiple or large fibroids by means of open surgery
- Hysterectomy to remove fibroids alongwith the uterus
There is no way to prevent fibroids as the causes are not clear.