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Endocarditis is an inflammation of the endocardium which is the inner lining of the heart chambers and heart valves.


  • Bacteria
  • Fungus
  • Use if intravenous drugs
  • Heart valve defects
  • Artificial heart valve
  • Certain surgical treatments including dental, urologic, gynecologic or colonoscopy
  • Skin infections
  • Previous incidence of endocarditis
  • Congenital or other heart defects


  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Excessive sweating
  • New heart  murmur
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Blood in urine
  • Pale skin
  • Red pin point spots on the skin or whites of the eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in the feet, legs and abdomen
  • Weight loss


  • Intravenous antibiotics for minimum period of a month in case of bacterial infection
  • Anti fungal treatment in case of fungal infection
  • Rarely, surgery to repair or replace the heart valve


  • Taking antibiotics before certain surgical procedures and skin infections in case of high risk patients
  • Maintaining good oral hygiene
  • Appropriately treating any cuts or wounds