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Cystitis

 

Cystitis is usually a bacterial infection causing inflammation of the bladder.

Causes

  • Kidney stones
  • Enlarged prostrate
  • Pregnancy
  • Catheter
  • Menopause
  • Inadequate hygiene of the genital area
  • Inadequate consumption of fluids
  • Diaphragms
  • Certain health conditions like diabetes

Symptoms

  • Increased frequency and urgency of urination
  • Nocturia (urination during the night)
  • Pain or burning while urinating
  • Cloudy or bloody urine
  • Foul odor in urine
  • Pain in lower abdomen or lower back

Treatment
Mostly, a course of antibiotics is used to treat cystitis.

Prevention

  • Maintaining proper genital hygiene
  • Drinking lots of water and fluids
  • Avoiding tight and synthetic underwear
  • Urinating soon after intercourse