Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract usually affecting the small intestine.
Causes are not clear but possibilities include:
- Autoimmune reaction
- Heredity or genetic factors
- Abdominal pain
- Rectal bleeding or bloody stools
- Fistulae or abscesses
- Nausea or vomiting
- Weight loss
- Skin problems
- Eye inflammation
- Delayed development and growth in children
- Nutrition: A balanced diet and nutritional supplements to manage any deficiencies in the body
- Medication: This includes anti inflammatory drugs, immune system suppressors, antibiotics and other medications to reduce inflammation and manage the symptoms
- Surgery: It may be required when medicines fail to have effect. It may be used to remove damaged part s of the digestive tract or treat fistulae and abscesses
There is no way to prevent Crohn’s disease.