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Corneal Abrasion

 

Corneal abrasion is scraping or loss of the surface layer of the cornea.

Causes

  • An object hitting the eye
  • A foreign particle entering the eye
  • Excessive rubbing of the eye
  • Prolonged wearing of contact lenses

Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Tearing
  • Sensation of foreign particle in the eye
  • Swollen eyelids
  • Eye infection
  • Blurred vision

Treatment
In minor cases, no treatment is required but in case of severe abrasions medications may be used:

  • Antibiotics to prevent infection
  • Oral or topical analgesics to reduce pain

Prevention

  • Avoid direct sunlight
  • Follow appropriate procedure for using contact lenses
  • Wear protective eye wear during activities that can lead to eye damage