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Concussion

 

Concussion is a brain injury leading to temporary loss of brain function.

Causes
Anything causing trauma to the head can lead to concussion. It includes:

  • A fall
  • Vehicle accident
  • Sports injuries especially in contact sports
  • Bomb blast
  • An object hitting the head

Symptoms
Symptoms depend on the severity of concussion. They include:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Difficulty in balancing
  • Loss of coordination
  • Blurred vision
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Slurred speech
  • Confusion
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Inability to remember what happened just before and after the accident
  • Loss of consciousness

Treatment

  • Usually no treatment is required and the condition improves on its own
  • Medications may be taken to manage pain or other symptoms
  • Resting and sleeping to recover
  • Abstinence from alcohol
  • Rarely surgery may be required

Prevention

  • Avoiding falls
  • Wearing protective head gear while playing contact sports
  • Wearing helmets while driving two wheelers