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Chronic Renal Failure (CRF)

 

Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) is a progressive loss of ability of the kidneys to function properly.

Causes

  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Hypertension
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Blockage in urinary tract
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Chronic infections
  • Certain medications
  • Certain autoimmune disorders

Symptoms
In the initial stages, CRF does not have any symptoms but later on symptoms include:

  • Reduced appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Decreased alertness
  • Personality changes
  • Generalized itching
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Increased or decreases urination
  • Puffy eyes, hands and feet

Treatment

  • Controlling symptoms especially hypertension
  • Diet low in sodium, potassium and phosphorus, and balanced fluid intake
  • Treating underlying disease  causing CRF
  • Dialysis
  • Kidney transplant