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Bell’s Palsy

 

Bell’s paralysis is a sudden paralysis of one or rarely both sides of the face.

Causes
Causes for Bell ’s palsy are not clear but following are considered as possible factors:

  • Inflammation of the facial nerve
  • Pinching of the facial nerve
  • Viral infection

Symptoms

  • Sudden onset of facial paralysis
  • No apparent cause for the paralysis
  • Droopiness on one side of the face
  • Inability to shut the eye on the affected side
  • Excessive tears in the eye of the affected side
  •  Loss of taste
  • Drooling
  • Headache or neck pain

Treatment
Sometimes, Bell ’s palsy is temporary and gets cured on its own. In other cases treatment includes:

  • Medication: This includes steroids, analgesics and antiviral medications to reduce inflammation and infection.
  • Physical therapy: Massage and exercise of the facial muscles may be required for facial muscles to regain strength and flexibility.
  • Surgery: It is rarely suggested and can be used to relieve pressure on the facial nerve.