Bell’s paralysis is a sudden paralysis of one or rarely both sides of the face.
Causes for Bell ’s palsy are not clear but following are considered as possible factors:
- Inflammation of the facial nerve
- Pinching of the facial nerve
- Viral infection
- Sudden onset of facial paralysis
- No apparent cause for the paralysis
- Droopiness on one side of the face
- Inability to shut the eye on the affected side
- Excessive tears in the eye of the affected side
- Loss of taste
- Headache or neck pain
Sometimes, Bell ’s palsy is temporary and gets cured on its own. In other cases treatment includes:
- Medication: This includes steroids, analgesics and antiviral medications to reduce inflammation and infection.
- Physical therapy: Massage and exercise of the facial muscles may be required for facial muscles to regain strength and flexibility.
- Surgery: It is rarely suggested and can be used to relieve pressure on the facial nerve.