Agoraphobia is a fear of having a panic attack in places or situations where it is difficult to escape.
Agoraphobia can be a result of a combination of various factors:
- Stressful life experiences
- Anxious or nervous temperament
- Substance abuse
- Fear of being away from home
- Fear of travelling
- Fear of being in unfamiliar areas or situations
- Fear of getting embarrassed in public
- Overdependence on other people
- Anxiety in crowded places
- Medication: Anti depressant and anti anxiety medicines may be used sometimes to help the patient cope with symptoms.
- Psychotherapy: This includes making the patient understand the problem and find solutions for it. It may include exposing the patient to particular stressful situations till the fear for them is overcome.
- Counseling: Counseling the patient about the irrational fears and encouraging positive thoughts can also help tackle agoraphobia.