Acoustic neuroma is a non cancerous tumor which develops on the vestibular nerve going from the brain to the inner ear.
The cause for acoustic neuroma is not known, though sometimes a genetic disorder called neurofibromatosis 2 can cause it.
- Loss of hearing
- Loss of balance
- Sometimes, facial numbness or weakness
- Rarely headaches or sight problems
The treatment depends on the size of the tumor, results of the tests done, general health. It includes:
- Observation: Sometimes, due to old age or some other reasons, the tumor may be observed for some time before giving any treatment.
- Radiotherapy: It helps to control the tumor but cannot remove it completely.
- Surgery: It is performed under general anesthesia to remove the tumor completely.